The report Wage Theft in Australia published by the University of New South Wales and University of Technology Sydney has discovered ’endemic’ exploitation of international students and backpackers.
It draws on survey responses from 4,322 temporary migrants from 107 countries in all states and territories and says： "one in three international students and backpackers are paid about half the legal minimum wage."
The Australian government had passed legislation designed to assist vulnerable workers and urged temporary migrants, who make 11% of Australia’s workforce, to look up their rights online.
Underpayment was widespread across numerous industries but was especially common in food services, and especially severe in fruit and vegetable picking.
Almost a third of people working in fruit and vegetable picking earned $10 per hour or less and one in seven earned $5 per hour or less. That’s less than half, or less than a quarter, of the casual minimum hourly rate of $22.13 per hour.
exploit：動詞，剝削。例句：This megacorporation is condemned for exploiting the poor.（財團因剝削窮人受到譴責。）
vulnerable：形容詞，弱勢的。例句：Huge failure in the election put the party leader in a vulnerable position.（選舉重挫讓該黨領袖處於弱勢境遇。）
look up：動詞片語，查詢。例句：Every contestant is allowed to look up information online.（每位參賽者都獲准上網查詢資料。）